Treatment with corticosteroids: adverse effects

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Drug treatments are a lot of care, physicians today must take a lot of responsibility formulas that give their patients and even follow the signs with great responsibility. This is the case of treatment with corticosteroids, which, although it has many benefits, it also has some side effects which we’ll discuss today.


What is used steroids?

Drugs steroids are very popular in the medical treatment of inflammatory diseases, rheumatic or immune system, for example, arthritis, and asthma, some cancers, and lupus or skin conditions.

Corticosteroids and their components have a role in the treatment of diseases mentioned, not because they help reduce the condition at all, but because they reduce inflation in the affected area of the body and thus deliver greater welfare for the disease.

However, as corticosteroids mimic the effects of some hormones that occur naturally in the body, when taking doses exceeding normal levels may experience side effects, of which we must inform us to be very careful.

Side effects of steroids

Oral corticosteroids

Because oral corticosteroids do not affect the specific area of the disorder but the entire body, the side effects can be seen in greater magnitude if exceeded dose accordingly. The adverse effects of corticosteroids in these cases are:

  • High pressure in the eye (glaucoma)
  • Retention
  • Increase in blood pressure
  • Mood
  • Weight gain
  • Increased risk of infections
  • Falls
  • Cause or worsen diabetes

Inhaled corticosteroids

When corticosteroids are inhaled correctly can happen that inadvertently stored in the mouth and throat rather than the lungs to treat asthma. Adverse effects in this case ranging from yeast infections in the mouth to hoarseness.

Corticosteroids injected and topical

Application of corticosteroids by injection can cause discomfort at the site of injection, the patient may experience pain, infection, reduction or soft tissue loss in skin color.

Moreover, an excess application of topical corticosteroids in the affected area can lead to red lesions on the skin or acne. Therefore it is essential to be clear the correct dose in each case.

In addition to respecting the doses and forms of application, dialogue and ongoing consultation with the specialist is the most effective way to control the adverse effects of treatment with corticosteroids. Ideally, the physicians know the situation of his patient and go finding the results of use of these drugs in the body.

If the patient has side effects, the physician is solely responsible for dose reduction. If you’ve been through a treatment with corticosteroids for some kind of asthma or condition and experienced adverse effects,   tell us about your experience. To know more visit

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